Physical Assessment of School-Aged Children between the ages of 5 and 12 Essay
Children who are between the ages of 5 and 12 years are in the developmental stage and are school going. According to Cherry (2018), physical examination is carried out on these children for various reasons such as being taken to a well-baby clinic or they are sick and are about to be admitted. The underlaying issue is that it is essential to be conscious of the needs of a child based on their age and developmental stage (Sevo, 2017). The assessment will inform the care panning for the child upon receiving the right subjective and objective information.
Physical assessment among the children between the ages of 5 and 15 years is quite different from that of the toddlers and preschoolers. This is because the school going children have started appreciating and understanding the reality as opposed to fantasy. They are capable of thinking logically and can easily understand the resultant effect of an action. Their thoughts processes at this stage of development is known as ‘concrete operations’. At this stage their reasoning is advanced and can interact with other people in the outside world. It is also essential to note that at this stage, the child becomes very eager to learn, accomplish tasks and be appreciated. Developmental theorist Erik Erikson points out that between 5-12 years the child is in the stage of industry which explains their industrious nature (Cherry, 2018).
Between the ages of 5-12 years, a child is able to give an accurate account of their illness. This is one of the reason why they should be interviewed together with parents or guardians. The techniques can be modified to suite the age and development stage of the child (Kaufman, 2018). Children at this stage are asked questions they can answer, especially regarding school, how they perform and their friends. They are examined thoroughly just like an adult because they can cooperate when carrying out the procedure (Kaufman, 2018).
The needs of between the ages of 5 and 12 years also vary. The data obtained at each age is therefore different at each age. The mode of assessment should be dynamic. For example, a 5-year old obtains more information from the parent or caregiver while a 12-year old can easily express themselves well. One of the techniques that can be used during the assessment is observation. In this case, the caregiver will interact with the child and come up with conclusions based on how the child conducts themselves (Kaufman, 2018). Caregiver rating, portfolios and standardized test are some of the methods that can be used. The methods are applicable to different ages, and in each case, techniques are modified accordingly. For instance, questions can be read out on a standardized test to a 5-year old while a 12-year old will be left to read for themselves. After an examination, the assessor will be able to identify specific needs that help in establishing the intervention required to support a child. The assessor will also come up with an individualized strategy for a child or a group children within a given age to provide the best care (Cherry, 2018).
The specific developmental milestones attained by children need to be appreciated by the assessors. It will help them understand the various needs and problems of the children based on their ages. Assessment is essential in determining the welfare of a child. The caregivers will also have an opportunity to understand the special needs required by a child. It is also a perfect opportunity for both the caregiver and the parent to cooperate and support the child. However, the needs of a child keep on changing with time, therefore the mechanism used should also vary.
Cherry, K. (2018). Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development. Retrieved Juny, 5, 2018.
Kaufman, A. S. (2018). Contemporary intellectual assessment: Theories, tests, and issues. Guilford Publications.
Sevo, M. D. . (2017). Pediatric Nursing: Content Review PLUS Practice Questions. Pennsylvania: F.A. Davis
The needs of the pediatric patient differ depending on age, as do the stages of development and the expected assessment findings for each stage. In a 500-750-word paper, examine the needs of a school-aged child between the ages of 5 and 12 years old and discuss the following:
Compare the physical assessments among school-aged children. Describe how you would modify assessment techniques to match the age and developmental stage of the child.
Choose a child between the ages of 5 and 12 years old. Identify the age of the child and describe the typical developmental stages of children that age.
Applying developmental theory based on Erickson, Piaget, or Kohlberg, explain how you would developmentally assess the child. Include how you would offer explanations during the assessment, strategies you would use to gain cooperation, and potential findings from the assessment.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
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